10 May, 2018
Fifteen of Australia's 226 MPs - most of whom were former British citizens - have now been forced out of parliament since it emerged less than a year ago that they were considered dual citizens when they were elected.
Five by-elections that will result from the latest turmoil yesterday create opportunities for Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull's conservative coalition to increase its single-seat majority in the House of Representatives, where parties need a majority to govern. Another four lawmakers quit after the court dismissed her.
Opposition Senator Katy Gallagher became a test case in the High Court in its interpretation of the ban on dual nationals being elected to Parliament.
"Those four people must resign, they must resign today", Porter told reporters immediately following the court decision on Gallagher and hours before the subsequent resignations were announced.
"By-elections are notoriously hard things", Dr Nick Economou, a political scientist at Monash University in Melbourne, said.
The Labor Party is most at risk of losing its Queensland seat of Longman, which outgoing MP Susan Lamb secured by a margin of less than 1 percent margin.
"If Labor was to lose that, it'd be a huge fillip for Turnbull", Dr Economou said.
Apple shares hit record after Buffett increases investment
Berkshire typically discloses its largest common stock holdings and percentage stakes in its quarterly and annual reports . Based on the Berkshire's 13F form that's dated December 31, there are positions in 45 companies listed.
Ms Lamb said she meant to recontest her seat.
All four said they would run again at by-elections that could be held as early as June 16.
As a senator, Gallagher will be replaced by another candidate from her Labour Party without a fresh election.
"The High Court has adopted the strictest possible reading", said Dr George Williams, professor and Dean of Law at the University of New South Wales in Sydney. "I think it delivers a proposition that is unworkable. because of how hard it will be to comply with these requirements now", he said.
Shorten said his party had relied on an older interpretation of Section 44 (a), a much-debated rule in the constitution, that says members of parliament can not continue to have citizenship in another country, and must prove they took "all reasonable steps" to renounce the other citizenship before being elected. The ban had already ended the careers of nine lawmakers a year ago.
Gallagher argued that she had taken all necessary steps to renounce her British citizenship before the July 2 election in 2016, including paying the British Home Office the necessary administration fee. But the Home Office didn't register that she was no longer British until August 16 previous year.