The art of the nuclear deal

U.S. President Donald Trump speaks about tax reform in Harrisburg Pennsylvania U.S
U.S. President Donald Trump speaks about tax reform in Harrisburg Pennsylvania U.S
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13 October, 2017

The EU foreign policy chief discussed the possibility of continuation of the Iran deal even if Trump chooses to withdraw from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Members of Trump's team, including Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin, cite Iran's "malign" activity in the region as a violation of the agreement.

Rep. Brad Sherman, D-Calif., opposed the Iran nuclear agreement in part because the deal gave Tehran access to tens of billions of dollars in previously frozen assets. Under the deal, which started being implemented in January 2016, Iran undertakes to limit its nuclear activities and allow transparent global control of its nuclear program.

Doing so has kept the U.S.in compliance with the accord, but because it's purely an issue of US law, decertification does not matter for the deal itself.

Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi cautioned against leaving the Iranian nuclear agreement, which was one of the top foreign policy achievement of the former president Barack Obama.

What is Trump expected to say or do about the deal? With the threat of restoring those old sanctions and imposing new ones - as well as the threat of military force - the USA hopes to have new leverage and get Iran to accept changes to the deal. Engel, the top Democrat on the Foreign Affairs Committee, said unwinding the agreement would send a unsafe signal to allies and adversaries alike. He called Trump's move to kick the deal to Congress a "trap" and "a tactic meant to reach the president's goal of tearing the deal apart". Under a new version being negotiated with Congress, he would have to endorse the deal less frequency but the United States intelligence community would have to assess whether Iran is carrying out covert activity in facilities not visited by the IAEA.

Second, Trump could call for greater non-nuclear sanctions on Iran as it seeks to punish the regime without violating the deal.

What is the Iran nuclear deal?

Trump is expected to back away from endorsing the agreement, opening the door for Congress to re-impose sanctions on Tehran.

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Instead, these officials said Mr Trump is more inclined to throw the matter to Congress and push legislators to amend the law that requires the president to certify Iran's compliance every 90 days. "We may have to array our forces to prepare for. calibrated strikes". Tom Cotton, R-Ark., would demand that the intelligence community produce judgments on a wide range of Iranian behavior that is not covered by the nuclear deal, including ballistic missile testing and development and threats to Israel and the Mideast more broadly.

Federica Mogherini, while talking to PBS TV channel, on Wednesday, highlighted Iran's full compliance with the 2015 deal.

On Wednesday, head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Ali Akbar Salehi said that Iran is considering "various scenarios" in response to Trump's "probable withdrawal" from the worldwide nuclear deal.

As British Ambassador to the U.S. Kim Darroch said on September 25, "We would say, let's intensify the discussions [on how to deal with Iran's other activity], but let's keep the JCPOA".

Trump threatened during the presidential campaign to tear the pact up if he was elected.

But Iranian officials have already ruled out any renegotiation of the deal.

But it could be hard to get both Iran and its ally, Russia, back to the table for a new round of talks. In a recent review of Iran's compliance of the deal, the White House found the country to have met the requirements, yet Trump insisted on scrapping the deal, stating it was no longer in the US' security interests. Many Democrats believe that is more likely to happen if Congress does not act to make changes to the existing agreement.


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