07 September, 2017
Danielle Pletka, vice president for foreign and defense policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute, who moderated a question-and-answer session after Ms. Haley's speech, said the ambassador should be given credit for publicly laying out the administration's thinking on Iran.
The next deadline is October, and U.S. President Donald Trump has said he thinks by then the United States will find Iran out of compliance.
Ms. Haley's comments came on a day when Mr. Trump was looking for support from world leaders for the most severe sanctions against North Korea that the United States has ever considered: a cutoff of oil flowing into the country. "In short, we must consider the whole picture, not simply whether Iran has exceeded the JCPOA's limit on uranium enrichment".
"We must consider its history of deception about its nuclear programme".
Upon a finding that Iran is not complying, Congress would consider whether to reimpose US sanctions lifted as part of the agreement, and USA participation in the worldwide agreement would be in limbo.
Haley's remarks represent the highest-level acknowledgment that the Trump Administration might choose to declare the deal broken, while leaving the sanctions issue and the future of the agreement for Congress to deal with.
She added that Washington's job wasn't to make sure allies were "comfortable".
"This is about USA national security, this is not about European security", she said.
The Trump administration may feel Iran has been given too free a rein given its record of violating its worldwide treaty obligations on nuclear issues. Undoing the harm done by the Iran nuclear deal needs to share the top of the agenda. "So far, Iran is abiding by the commitments taken in this mutually agreed framework". The secretary of state, Rex Tillerson, has kept a low profile by comparison, amid persistent rumours he is unhappy in the role and could be replaced by Haley.
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While Haley asked if the IAEA planned to inspect Iranian military sites to verify Tehran's compliance, something Tehran has said is totally irrelevant and which they would not allow, she said on Tuesday, "We never ask the IAEA to do anything".
"Congress could debate whether the nuclear deal is in fact too big to fail", Haley asserted.
Haley argued that judging Iran's nuclear intentions purely on the basis of its compliance with the "flawed" JCPOA was "dangerous and short-sighted". Haley presupposed, "And when that 10-year (expiration) hits ... they start a nuclear war?"
Thereafter, Iran's mission to the IAEA issued a statement, saying the objectives and the results of Haley's trip to Vienna "contradict" the JCPOA and Resolution 2231, which the UN Security Council adopted to endorse the nuclear agreement.
"Thus far, at least to us, there has been no evidence produced".
However, Haley pointed out that under United States legislation the president had to certify not only the absence of "technical violations" of the JCPOA but also to guarantee that the continued suspension of sanctions is "appropriate and proportionate" to steps taken by Iran, and that lifting sanctions is vital to USA national security interests.
Brokered by the Obama administration in 2015 with Iran, Germany and the four other permanent members of the UN Security Council, the JCPOA was created to strictly govern the Islamic Republic's nuclear work without addressing its "nonnuclear activities" of concern to worldwide powers.
"It's a factual determination that the administration has to make as to whether Iran is in compliance with the agreement or not", Cardin said.